Diseases transmitted by rat bite:
- The Haverhill: Fever rat bite fever caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis. Most cases of this disease has been seen in Australia, Africa, Europe, North America and South America. It presents with fever, chills, headache, muscle pain over a period of 10 days after exposure, followed by a period of three days in a diffuse rash, mainly occurs in the extremities. The large joints either one or more may swell, become red and sore. If this disease is left untreated, it can be severe complications in heart valves.
- Sodoku: the disease caused by the Spirillum minus is common in Asia, particularly in Japan. In this form of rat-bite fever, a particular skin rash characterized by plaques of red or purple, which has healed bite may reactivate and open again is frequently observed. This disease rarely presents problems in the joints.
- Rabies: exposure to this virus is carried to humans by bites from infected mice and rats. Rabies is an acute viral infection of the central nervous system transmitted by infected secretions, typically saliva. Two phases are experienced on the first lasting from one to four days usually found fever, vomiting, cough, headache and muscle cramps, muscle contraction and lack of appetite groups. In the encephalitic phase or phase two is excessive motor activity, no excitement, agitation, confusion, hallucinations and delirium aggressive. It may also be muscle spasms, meningitis, seizures and facial paralysis.
Diseases that rodents can spread by mechanical transmission from infected materials are various but the important ones are: typhoid fever, tuberculosis, Argentina hemorrhagic fever, salmonellosis, cholera, ebola, hepatitis.