Saliva and feces of rats and mice transmitted the most common diseases.
The most common diseases transmitted by rats and mice through excreta and saliva:
- Hantavirus: The virus, found in urine, saliva and faeces of the animal, is mixed with the atmosphere by means of air or dust. Initial symptoms are fever and muscle aches. However, the primary symptom of hantavirus disease is the difficulty of breathing that is caused by the accumulation of fluid in the lungs. Transmitted mainly voles.
The symptoms of hantavirus in the beginning are confused with pneumonia.
- Leptospirosis: is transmitted by the urine of rats, also with the feces and urine of dogs and cows. The clinical picture presented is similar to the flu with high fever, chills, sweating, headaches, muscle aches and lumbar region. In some cases it is passed to a second phase with more serious is called Weil's disease and its symptoms are renal manifestations such as high levels of protein and blood in the urine, liver damage manifested by jaundice.
- Tapeworm: Infestation gastrointestinal tapeworm, flatworms. Increasingly rare, to correctly processed meat for food. Tapeworms daily produce millions of eggs, which are evacuated with the feces. Rats spread through the feces and infected animals ingested by mammals. When man eats meat from animals with worms, undercooked, it becomes infected. In most cases the infestation is without symptoms.
- Trichinosis: It is a parasitic disease caused by a nematode called Trichinella spiralis. Rat transmitted through excrement. It attacks all mammals and can be transmitted to humans. The infection usually occurs by ingestion of encysted larvae in the muscles, they are released into the stomach and mature in the small intestine. In severe infections, which cause illness and sometimes death, symptoms are diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, mild fever and abdominal pain.
- Toxoplasmosis: is a medical term given to a human and many other animals infectious disease caused by an intracellular parasite of worldwide distribution, Toxoplasma gondii. The disease is considered a zoonosis, ie normally exist in other animals but can be transmitted to humans. The primary source of infection is the faeces of rats, toxoplasmosis can cause mild and symptomatic infections and life-threatening infections that mostly affect the fetus, newborns, elderly and vulnerable people. The most common symptoms are headache, muscle pain, swollen lymph nodes, etc. In chronic infection persists as cyst tissue, in other less common cases occur as chronic disease.
The traps for mice should be placed near the nests.